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肯定句中much可修饰admire, appreciate, enjoy, prefer, regret

much肯定句中修饰动词,常见的有admire, appreciate, enjoy, prefer, regret等。

肯定句中副词词性的much可以修饰动词admire, appreciate, prefer, regret

事实上,肯定句中作为副词的much可以修饰admire, appreciate, prefer, regret等。

我们知道通常副词词性的much多使用于否定句、疑问句或条件句等。

当然作为副词词性的much也可以用于肯定句,含义为“大、非常、很、十分”。

《现代英语语法》(赵俊英编著)第523页

much用于肯定句修饰动词,只有一个动词即prefer——这可能prefer含有比较的意义——符合much用来修饰比较级的原则。如:

I much prefer this one to the other. 我很喜欢这一个,而不喜欢另一个。

I much prefer white shirts to coloured ones. 我很喜欢白衬衫,而不喜欢彩色的。

【注意】从以下的词典实例中,我们可以看到上述的说法不是很完整。

肯定句中much可修饰admire, appreciate, enjoy, prefer, regret

肯定句中副词词性的much可以修饰动词admire, appreciate, prefer, regret等。


much修饰admire

《韦氏高阶英汉双解词典》第28页admire词条

She is much admired for her courage. 我们都佩服她的勇气。

《朗文高级英语应试词典》第30页admire词条

Lewis was much admired for his work on medieval literature.

刘易斯因其对中世纪文学的研究而备受仰慕。

《麦克米伦高阶英汉双解词典》第27页admire词条

Altman is much admired for this technical skills.

奥尔特曼因他的专门技能而极受推崇。

《英语搭配大辞典》第33页admire词条

a much admired picture (person)

I much admire your helping them.

肯定句中much可修饰admire, appreciate, enjoy, prefer, regret

《朗文A-Z英语语法大全》第350页much词条

I (very) much admire the work of Michelangelo.’ ‘Do you really? I (very) much prefer Leonardo da Vinci.’

“我非常欣赏米开朗琪罗的作品。” “真的吗?我非常喜欢莱奥纳多·达·芬奇的作品。”

《朗文英语语法》(L. G. 亚历山大编著)第200页

much不论和very或so连用与否,皆可以用在句子中间:

Byron is very much/so much/much admired in Greece. 拜伦在希腊很受敬仰。


much修饰enjoy

《朗文A-Z英语语法大全》第350页much词条

I (very) much enjoyed the play. 我十分喜欢这出戏。


much修饰appreciate

《COBUILD英汉双解词典》第79页appreciate词条

We would much appreciate guidance from an expert.

如有专家的指导我们会感激不尽。

《英语搭配大辞典》(王文昌主编)第75页appreciate词条

He would much appreciate it if you could do him that favour.

如果你帮他那个忙,他将十分感激。

《英语搭配大辞典》第91页appreciate词条

It would be greatly (much) appreciated if you could return the forms by 6th April.

I would very much appreciate receiving a copy of the book.


much修饰prefer

《麦克米伦高阶英汉双解词典》第1625页prefer词条1

much prefer sb/sth

I much prefer your hair like that. 我更喜欢你那样的发型。

《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》第八版第1608页prefer词条

I much prefer jazz to rock music. 我喜欢爵士乐远胜于摇滚乐。


much修饰regret

《英语搭配大辞典》(王文昌主编)第1386页regret词条

He said he much (deeply) regretted not being able to help.

他说他爱莫能助,深感遗憾。

《英语搭配大辞典》第1434页regret词条

I deeply (very much) regret that I wasn’t able to see you off.

《朗文A-Z英语语法大全》第350页much词条

‘I (very) much admire the work of Michelangelo.’ ‘Do you really? I (very) much prefer Leonardo da Vinci.’

“我非常欣赏米开朗琪罗的作品。” “真的吗?我非常喜欢莱奥纳多·达·芬奇的作品。”



《英语常用词疑难用法手册》(陈用仪编著)第501页much词条

如果单独一个much(不带very, too, so等)用来作为程度副词修饰动词,则通常只能用于否定句、疑问句或条件状语从句。

但是,有少数几个表示价值判断的动词(如appreciate, admire, prefer, regret等),如果在直陈式肯定句中出现,可以用单独的much来强调其程度之高,此时much放在该动词前面。例如:

I much prefer tea to coffee. 我喜欢喝茶,远过于喜欢喝咖啡。

肯定句中much可修饰admire, appreciate, enjoy, prefer, regret

《剑桥高级英语语法》(第二版中文版)第160页

在较正式语境的肯定句中,much在动词admire, appreciate, enjoy, preferregret之前可以用作程度副词,用来强调对某物的感觉。

I much enjoyed having you stay with us.

Their music is much admired.

much也可以同样的方式用在I和we之后以及被动语态中(与admire和appreciate连用)。注意,在问句中通常不用这种句型(例如不用Did you much enjoy…?)。

I much prefer seeing films at the cinema than on television. (或I very much prefer…)

2017年9月27日

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